Social architecture: check out the designs selected for the III New Gazes Exhibition


In October, the Brazilian Architecture and Urban Planning Teaching Association (ABEA) received 39 entries submitted by architecture students for the III New Gazes Exhibition, from nine Brazilian States: Amapá, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Pará, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondônia, Santa Catarina and São Paulo. The theme of this event is Social Architecture and the 2030 Agenda drawn up by the United Nations (UN). Seven designs were selected, skilfully presenting innovative but solidly grounded suggestions.

The selected designs are:

Homes self-built by women in rural areas: A Casa de Jajja

Submitted by: Mariana Montag Ferreira
Advisers: Professors Lucas Fehr, Ricardo Carvalho Lima Ramos and Sasquia Hizuru Obata
Mackenzie Presbyterian University
São Paulo, São Paulo State

Inspired through immersion in a Ugandan community – Kikajjo – in West Africa, this project is a process that involves direct input from the Jajja community leader, who is a 76-year-old woman. The fieldwork included ethnographic and technical service, as well as prototyping, in addition to exploring local techniques and resources.

In order to underpin the feasibility of the work required, a collective financing campaign was run, together with construction workshops designed to empower women in this community through endowing them with autonomy and technical skills. This project was conceptualised, implemented and completed on participative BCs. The adjudication panel highlighted the “full compliance with the topic of the contest”, from the process through to the social function of this project.

Squatter settlements and watercourses: an intervention proposal for the Córrego Canhema stream, Diadema, São Paulo State

Submitted by: Felipe Garcia de Sousa
Advisers: Professors Angelica Tanus Benatti Alvim and Francisco Lúcio Petracco
Mackenzie Presbyterian University
São Paulo, São Paulo State

This design addresses the Vila Olinda Housing Estate in the Diadema municipality, which lies within the ABC industrial district of São Paulo. This area encompasses 219 urbanised favela slums, with sixty communities lining the banks of channelled watercourses.

This project focuses on the water of the Córrego Canhema stream that was channelled some thirty years ago during a local urbanisation drive, handled as a structuring element for the construction of the landscape. A linear park was proposed, running a kilometre along its banks, forming a “green belt with public equipment available for enjoyment, helping upgrade the urban and environmental status of the settlement.” An urban beach was suggested as a recreation option, and also as an alternative means of flood control.

As a solution for the removal of some members of the community from segments of this new park, new housing construction is planned in urban gaps found in the neighbourhood, ensuring the right to the city while keeping resettled families in the area around the project.

Homeless shelter: Casa do Meio

Submitted by: Elisa Augusto Barroso
Adviser: Professor Mônica Manso Moreno
Pontifical Catholic University (PUC) in Campinas
Campinas, São Paulo State

A shelter for street people in the Mooca district of São Paulo, the Casa do Meio strives to redeem their dignity, enhance their self-esteem and repair their links to society.

In addition to meeting their basic needs, plans are also afoot to provide services ensuring fundamental civil rights and access to the social welfare network, as well as transport, education and healthcare. It also offers art sessions that foster individual engagement and political action.

The old factory structure is preserved and upgraded by this project, as a way of keeping alive the industrial heritage of this district.

Refugee shelter and reintegration centre

Submitted by: Lariane Barnuevo
Adviser: Professor Jussara Schultz Bauermann
Adventist University Centre in São Paulo (UNASP)
Engenheiro Coelho, São Paulo State

This project focuses on the reintegration of refugees in society through providing support and shelter, together with shelter, education and work.

The entry outlines a provisional intake and accommodation facility, with rooms for providing medical and psychological care, in addition to legal and vocational advice. Classrooms offer local language classes, while workshops foster the educational development of children, alongside recreation areas that include facilities for games, sports and cultural activities.

Closing for street people: Dream Factory

Submitted by: Juliana Santarelli Monteiro de Castro
Adviser: Professor Andrea Borges de Souza Cruz
Augusto Motta University Centre (UNISUAM)
Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro State

The Dream Factory project reaches out to people living on the streets through a new housing model that differs from the shelters currently available in Rio de Janeiro. Based on the Housing First method, it assigns top priority to providing a roof over their heads through offering individual units linked to recreational and study areas, as well as places where people can gather together.

The concept of sustainability is deployed through three main approaches: environmental, using low-impact recyclable materials; economic, providing vocational training and circular economy incentives, in parallel to generating jobs and income; and social, by evening out inequalities and fostering inclusion through extending access to good quality teaching.

Courses will be offered that include carpentry, design and clothes making. The guiding principle behind these workshops is to train people how to build, furnish and decorate their own homes.

Struggle and removal: multi-class residential proposal

Submitted by: Eduarda Barbosa Sengés and Diego Wilson da Luz Bernardo
Adviser: Professor Carlos Eduardo Nunes-Ferreira
Veiga de Almeida University
Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro State

When the Parque Madureira park was laid out in 2012, this major green area in the industrial North Zone of Rio de Janeiro swept away the Vila das Torres squatter community. A few families still clinging to their homes after this clearance are now threatened by the imminent construction of an express motorway.

This project offers shelter for these families – and other evictees – on a plot of land in front of the park, in a housing complex that includes social housing units and apartments sold at market prices. Other features include a large internal area and plenty of green space, with support for local farming and trading activities.

Urban synopses

Submitted by: Vinícius Carlos de Medeiros
Adviser: Professor Ana Slade Carlos
Rio de Janeiro Federal University
Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro State

An outlying residential district in the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Region, Jardim Catarina is part of the São Gonçalo municipality, with a long-established urban fabric and densely clustered homes, ranking it as the largest community in South America.

Divided into square blocks split into single-family lots, there is little vacant land available. This project outlines a social, cultural and urban transformation for this sprawling neighbourhood, strengthening its identity while stepping up supplies of education, culture and income generation.

Six facilities are planned, for five subdistricts: a theatre, a market, a library, a square, an ideas centre and a production centre. This set of facilities would be administered through a community management system.

This project was designed with input from the community, gathered through meetings and interviews with local leaders and residents, in order to think outside a purely academic framework.

To know more about III New Gazes Exhibition, access: https://www.abea.org.br/?p=2589



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