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New Views: students present social inclusion projects

09/19/2020

Inclusive City: Architecture for All. This is the theme of the second New Views exhibition, organised by Brazilian Architecture and Urban Planning Teaching Association (ABEA), showcasing projects designed by architecture students from all over Brazil. The entries were assessed by an Adjudication Commission that selected the most relevant designs. In September, three projects were selected out of thirteen entries.

Light to Light – New library for the Instituto Benjamin Constant

Author: Alyne Bell
Adviser: Professor Alberto Fernandes
Rio de Janeiro Federal University

A centre of excellence in the field of education for the visually challenged, the Instituto Benjamin Constant is located at the foot of Rio’s famous Sugarloaf. Set up 166 years ago, this institution is housed in a majestic neo-classical building on the street leading to the Urca district and Praia Vermelha beach. Dating back to the late XIX century, with some alterations in the mid-XX century, it was declared a National Heritage Site in 2001.

Inspired by architectural icons such as the Wutopia Lab in China, the National Library of Israel and the Joanneum Quarter in Austria, the project restructuring its library encompasses areas designed to house innovative technologies and novel uses, with venues set aside for events and gatherings, in addition to a new auditorium.”This project creates an underground space, allowing new use and signification of the central concourse of the historic building. It defines thought-provoking spatial divisions designed to offer sensorial experiences,” notes the ABEA Adjudication Commission.

The video presenting this project is available at: https://youtube/_l3IDKi7mhA

Heritage of the Invisible: Interpreting Black territorialities in the Rio de Janeiro Docklands

Author: Stéfany dos Santos Silva
Adviser: Professor Glaucineide do Nascimento Coelho
Rio de Janeiro Federal University

What stories are recounted by streets, museums, monuments, and memorials? How many narratives have become invisible in urban areas? These questions prompted a research project with a dual purpose: to spotlight the struggles and stories of the Black population of Little Africa, a district that firmed up its identity in the Rio de Janeiro Docklands during the late XIX century; while also contributing to discussions of racism and ethnic-racial relations in architecture and urban planning, through a critical analysis of urban projects and their designs implemented in this region during the XX century.

Using cartography, Black territorial landmarks – including crowded tenements, local events, colourful characters, and areas and buildings devoted to religious rites and rituals brought over from Africa – were mapped from references in newspapers, chronicles and historical bibliographies. Urban projects were analysed in terms of their spatialisation, reflecting correlations with public health policies focused on removal and resettlement, linked to the modernisation of the city, with the destruction and invisibilisation of this community.

Social Housing System (SHIS) in Downtown Limeira

Author: Victor Carvalhaes
Adviser: Professor Luis Alexandre Amaral Pereira Pinto
Pontifical Catholic University in Campinas

Engaged in a transition process, Limeira is a medium-sized town in upstate São Paulo that is expanding rapidly through uncontrolled urban sprawl. In these new areas, exclusive condo complexes offer refuge to the upper and middle classes, while housing projects are also springing up for the underprivileged. Meanwhile, its downtown district is being downgraded by steady outflows of residents. Buildings are underused, with urban gaps appearing in regions already provided with infrastructure.

Intending to reverse this process, this project proposes that social housing should be established in the town centre, “within an urban network that is already consolidated”. A diagnosis identified underused plots of land where large housing projects or tall apartment blocks could be located. These projects would foster urban integration through open courtyards and other facilities available for common use.



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