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Glimpses of the creative flair and talents of future Brazilian architects

08/26/2020

Abandoned or ruined mansions, plantation houses, factories, railway stations, clubs, judges, convents, monasteries, country estates, housing blocks and historic downtown areas. All have been restored, revitalised and repurposed through projects designed by young students – future architects and urban planners – who signed up for the first New Gazes (Novos Olhares) exhibition focused on heritage architecture. Organised by the Brazilian Architecture and Urban Planning Teaching Association (ABEA), this display is included in UIA2021RIO and the Rio World Capital of Architecture calendar.

Through to June 2021, this Association will be accepting architecture and urban planning projects designed by Brazilian students, focused on a specific topic. These entries are assessed by an Adjudication Commission that will select the best of them for this exhibition. During its launch month in August, nine projects were selected, out of a total of thirty entries.

Stressing that this is not a contest (and there are thus no prizes), ABEA notes that this initiative is intended to disseminate academic output in the field of architecture. ”There is ample output in universities, which remains on-campus. The idea is to show that the University can contribute to society," explains its vice president, Carlos Eduardo Nunes-Ferreira, who also sits on the Organising Commission of this display, together with ABEA directors Wanda Vilhena and Luciano Falcão.

The themes for the next six months are:

  • September: Architecture for all and the inclusive city (accessibility, age, gender);
  • October: Social architecture and the UN habitat Agenda (World Architecture Day is celebrated on the first Monday of this month);
  • November: Public spaces (World Urban Planning Day is celebrated on November 8);
  • December: Architecture, city and children;
  • January: The future of cities;
  • February: Architecture and tourism.

Subsequently, this exhibition will address the main theme and then the four discussion tracks of the 27th World Congress of Architects:

  • March: UIA2021RIO – All the Worlds, Just One World;
  • Abril: UIA2021RIO – Diversity and Mixture;
  • May: UIA2021RIO – Changes and Emergences;
  • June: UIA2021RIO – Weaknesses and Inequalities;
  • July: UIA2021RIO – Transience and Flows.

New Gazes looks at Brazil’s historic heritage

For the launch month of the New Gazes (Novos Olhares) exhibition, its vice president, Carlos Eduardo Nunes-Ferreira, explained: “Due to the quality of the submitted works, the New Gazes exhibition shows that the ways that students are looking at heritage sites as expanded, ranging from restoration projects to campaigns heightening grassroots awareness of cultural identity.”

He feels that: “There is a contradictory link of proximity and distance between Brazil’s historic heritage and the teaching of Architecture and Urban Planning in Brazil.” On the one hand, he says that there is an “enchantment” and an awareness of the importance of this issue among students and their teachers: “The number of graduation projects focused on this issue has been rising over the past few years, in parallel to their quality.” However, he believes that too few classroom hours are set aside for this subject in the university syllabus, with “a mistaken fragmentation between theory, design and retrospective techniques, in addition to an infrastructure lacking specific laboratories.”

The Adjudication Commission was surprised by the diversity of the entries, “in terms of both the themes and the matters addressed,” noted architect and urban planner Ester Judite Bendjouya Gutierrez, who sits on this Commission. “The entries encompass rural and urban architectural and landscape designs; theory and history of regional planning; materials, techniques, pathologies, comfort and ecology; architecture and urban planning teaching and learning practices; and historical heritage, including facilities for people with special needs,” she added.

Another member of the Adjudication Commission is ABEA president Ana Maria Reis de Goes Monteiro. This architect and landscape designer and that the diversity of the entries includes: “different ways of addressing and reinterpreting heritage assets, ranging from education through to research and extension studies.”

The Commission also notes that the entries highlight the cultural heritage of the indigenous peoples of Brazil, as well as Africans, Europeans and their respective descendants. “One of the entries highlights the presence of the candango labourers who built Brasília, Brazil’s futuristic capital that is today a World Heritage Site,” remarks architect Fábio Mariz Gonçalves, who also sits on the Adjudication Commission.

Entries selected for the first Display – Heritage Assets:

Ruin Poetics: Intervention in the Igreja de São Pedro Church

Designer: Mariana Castro Silva
Advisor: Professor Fabiola do Valle Zonno
institution: Rio de Janeiro Federal University, Rio de Janeiro State

In the outlying Encantado district of Rio de Janeiro, the neglected Igreja de São Pedro church is not in use. This intervention project is intended to preserve it as a collective heritage site, managed by community culture agents. Acknowledging its status as a ruin, this intervention strives to spotlight its age, harmonising the old and the new. The annex follows the height of the body of the church, keeping its tower as a local landmark. These two areas – and their respective eras – are connected by a light and airy transition zone.

Repurposed as a theatre, this ruin is re-signified as a communal space for public use: courses, exhibitions and other artistic activities, and the Cruz e Souza book and media library named in honour of a local poet, all buttressing the vibrant cultural heritage of this neighbourhood.

Cultural Locomotive: Resignifying the old Engenho Roesch rice mill

Designer: Matheus Luiz Rosa
Advisor: Professor Fábio Müller
Institution: Santa Maria Federal University, Rio Grande do Sul State

Until the 1970s, the Engenho Roesch complex in downtown Cachoeira do Sul was one of the largest rice mills in Rio Grande do Sul State. This project intends to restore the old industrial structure that is currently not being used, together with its immediate surroundings, turning them into a culture and gastronomy complex. “As the original use of these buildings is closely linked to the historical and economic factors that underpinned the growth of this town, the idea of resignifying them within its current context is intended to strengthen a feeling of belonging. By opening up new culture and recreation options, this project will enhance the historical value of this municipality in the eyes of its inhabitants, enriching the experience of being, as a social agent.”

This project design can be viewed through a YouTube video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OPp5E2Kt9uo

Urban Oasis: A Green Laboratory for the City

Designer: Sulâni Kurtz
Advisor: Professor Marcos Antonio Leite Frandoloso
Institution: Passo Fundo University, Rio Grande do Sul State


Turning an abandoned and degraded industrial area – but endowed with historical significance and urban landmarks – into a public space that stresses biodiversity and environmental quality: this is the challenge addressed by this entry. This time, the town is Passo Fundo, in Rio Grande do Sul State. A huge old grain silo is repurposed two hours a Science Museum, while other buildings scattered throughout a new public park provide support for Museum activities. “This Urban Oasis is a laboratory for the city, which subverts the industrial into the natural. The entire area and its constructed heritage are regenerated, recycled and reactivated through programmes that blend sustainability with community experiences.”

This project design can be viewed through a YouTube video: https://www.behance.net/sulani_kurtz

Ruins of the Convento de São Boaventura Monastery – Setting up an Interpretation Centre for the Vila de Santo Antônio de Sá

Designer: Ana Carolina de Lemos
Advisors: Professors Romulo Guina and Jorge Astorga
Institution: Estácio de Sá University, Rio de Janeiro State

The Itaboraí municipality in Rio de Janeiro State is home to the ruins of a Franciscan monastery – the Convento de São Boaventura – dating back to 1660, together with traces of what was once the first Portuguese settlement in the Guanabara Bay, which has never been properly studied. This proposed Interpretation Centre is intended to encourage visits to this heritage site, encouraging the local community to become more aware of its own history. “The intervention moves away from the pre-existing object and subtly involves the topography at a level lower than the Heritage Assets, with the intention of existing silently at this place.”

More information is available on this project through the following links:
Before and After (Antes e Depois): https://youtu.be/2VuAHCrHDKs
Flyover (Sobrevoo): https://youtu.be/1djqhLfA9JM
Panel Boards (Pranchas do Painel) - TFG once JPG: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1-Gcd-Xa8TfOkrgrWrXr0daqtOcB4GMCy?usp=sharing
Panel Boards (Pranchas do Painel) - TFG published in the ISSUU: https://issuu.com/carollemos.arq/docs/painel_tfg_-_ru_nas_do_convento_de_s_o_boaventura
Book: Fundamentos de TFG: https://issuu.com/carollemos.arq/docs/tfg_-_ru_nas_do_convento_de_s_o_boaventura_-_inter

Nacional Museum: A Space Proposal

Designer: Tomás Quadros
Advisor: Professor Marina Correia
Institution: Rio de Janeiro Federal University, Rio de Janeiro State

Corte Longitudinal no Pátio Central
Corte Longitudinal do Palácio
Planta Baixa da Extensão do Subsolo

“The construction of museological space is also the construction of the identity of the people,” stresses the text of the intervention project for the National Museum. The oldest scientific institution in Brazil, it was among the leading natural history and anthropology museums in the Americas, until it was destroyed by a fire in September 2018. This project showcases the scientific activities of the museum, keeping its activities spatially cohesive, portraying the fire while preserving its historic surroundings in the Quinta da Boa Vista gardens. “The intervention may be summed up as an ambitious extension of the constructed area through using the terrace on which the Palace is built, with a partial reconstitution of its indoor areas. The main functions of the new extension will be to regulate access by a wide variety of agents and establish areas set aside for activities such as research, permanent collections and education, opening up the Palace for exhibitions and visits.”

Maquette

Designers: Caroline Peraça and Gabriel Delpino; Émerson Junior and Bernardo Fagundes; Matheus Geisler.
Advisors: Professors Marcelo David Pereira and Fernanda Barasuol
Institution: Região da Campanha University Centre (URCAMP), Rio Grande do Sul State

The maquette class in the URCAMP Architecture and Urban Planning court at Bagé in Rio Grande do Sul State consists of building a physical maquette of an example of a local building with architectural value. This activity includes researching the site and a physical and/or photographic survey of the selected building. Encouraging students to explore the history of this town, this also allows them to become more familiar with architectural elements and develop manual dexterity, learning about working to scale and building up the team spirit. “This task makes us look at pre-existing architecture with kind eyes, noting the unique details of each building from the wide variety of periods that recount the history of our town. Reproducing this as a maquette ‘s way of presenting the beauty of our architectural works, not only to the residents of Bagé, but to everyone,” writes Caroline Farias Peraça in this project.

Revitalization of the Palacete do Conde Itamaraty Mansion

Designer: Ana Carolina Soartes Galheigo
Advisor: Professor Taisa Carvalho
Institution: Veiga de Almeida University, Rio de Janeiro State

This project proposes to revitalise the Palacete do Conde Itamaraty – a neoclassical mansion in the Alto da Boa Vista district of Rio de Janeiro – in order to set up a community centre. Built in 1854, it was once the summer home of a rich merchant family, whose visitors included the Emperor Pedro II. Today abandoned, neglected is threatening its physical integrity and dimming its history. The idea here is that it should be repurposed as a centre for the surrounding communities, whose residents would become the agents of its protection, using its spaces. A contemporary building in the rear portion of its gardens is integrated with the old mansion.

Cervejaria Passarela Brewery

Designed by: Bruna Letícia Fürh, Carine Saraiva Astolfi and Juliana Costa
Supervisors: Professors Luciane Scotta, Marcos Antonio Leite Frandoloso, Mirian Carasek and Rodrigo Carlos Fritsch
Institution: Passo Fundo University, Rio Grande do Sul State

In 1914, the first regional brewery opened up in Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul State. Called the Cervejaria Serrana brewery two years later, it produced Gaúcha lager, rated among the best beers in the Serra Gaúcha region. Changing owners in names over the years, it remained a brewery until 1997. In 2001, it was repurposed into a college. The Cervejaria Passarela brewery project strives to recount part of the history of this town, recalling the old brewing house and the original use of the space. A walkway interconnects the various parts of this complex, moving through indoor and outdoor areas. Some of the production stages are on display, connecting public and private areas.

Urban Modelling Project

Designed by: Ramile da Silva Leandro and Samanta Quevedo da Silva
Supervisors: Professors Janice Pires and Adriane Borda
Institution: Pelotas Federal University, Rio Grande do Sul State

The entire architectural heritage of Pelotas in Rio Grande do Sul State, accessible in miniatures. The Modela Pelotas urban modelling project builds a permanent collection of digital models of historic buildings and their surroundings. Audio-visual descriptions of these tactile maquettes ensure that people with visual difficulties will be able to appreciate these heritage assets. “This project is contributing to the preservation of the cultural identity of the city, keeping memories alive through historical facts, technical data and other aspects that constitute building biographies. This is also relevant in the sphere of inclusion.”


Video coverage of this project is available at the following links:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VZvD6elyEdc
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3vvT5jhiV64

To explore all the entries in the New Gazes (Novos Olhares) exhibition, access: http://url.abea.org.br/novosolhares202008



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